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Number Pyramid 4
Can you Cheops your way through this Logic Puzzle to the arrangement of Number Pyramid 4?
August 15, 2005
By clue 5, the sum of the numbers in rows 3 and 4 is 40, leaving a total of 5 for the three numbers in the top two rows of the Pyramid. 5 can be made either by 0-1-4 or 0-2-3; however, since the difference between the two numbers in row 2 is 2 (clue 3), only 0-2-3 will work, with the arrangement in row 2 either 0-2 or 2-0 left-and-right and 3 at the apex of the Pyramid. By clue 6, the four leftmost numbers of each row sum to 9. Only three number combinations from 0-9 add to 9: 0-1-2-6, 0-2-3-4, and 0-1-3-5. The first arrangement fails since 3 is at the top, while the second arrangement fails because one of 0 and 2 must be rightmost in row 2. So, 0 is leftmost and 2 rightmost in row 2, with either 1 or 5 leftmost in row 3. However, 1 cannot be the leftmost number, since by clue 5, the other two numbers in row 3 would have to sum to an impossuble 19. So, 5 is the leftmost number in row 3 and 1 the leftmost in row 4, with 4 to its right (4). The remaining two numbers in both row 3 and 4 sum to 15 (5). If the numbers in row 4 were 6 and 9, there would be no way for 7 or 8 to work as the middle digit in row 4 (1). So, the remaining two numbers in row 4 are 7 and 8 left-and-right (2), while 6 and then 9 complete row 4 (1). In sum, Number Pyramid 4 looks like this:

        3
       0 2
      5 6 9
     1 4 7 8

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